Many workers don’t take up the pension plan their employers offered them. Because they risked losing valuable benefits, the government introduced ‘automatic enrolment’ to make it an employer’s duty to enrol all their eligible staff into a pension. This might be an employer sponsored arrangement, or another plan like the new National Employment Savings Trust (NEST).
You must enrol any eligible employees (who aren’t already in a qualifying plan) into your employer pension scheme without any active decision on their part.
Employers must enrol anyone who’s eligible into their pension plan.
If you already have a pension plan (or plans) for your workers, you’ll need to decide:
- Whether it meets the qualifying criteria for an automatic enrolment plan
- How you want to use it for existing members
- And how you’ll meet your automatic enrolment responsibilities
To be qualifying, all plans must meet 'qualifying criteria'. If you're planning to use an existing Prudential plan for either automatic enrolment or qualification purposes you'll need to check with us that this would be acceptable.
Ahead of their staging date, an employer with an existing pension plan will have to identify which category of worker the active plan members fall into.
Things to think about for existing plans
If the employer has eligible jobholders who are already active members of their existing pension scheme, employers will need to consider whether they want to use the existing pension scheme as a qualifying scheme for these existing members. This will mean that they won't have an automatic enrolment duty for these employees, but will have to send them information. Employers need to ensure new joiners are automatically enrolled into a suitable plan - this may be the employer's current or alternative plan.
When you need to automatically enrol jobholders will depend on how many workers you employ, and is based on PAYE tax information. The date by which you need to have introduced automatic enrolment in your workplace pension arrangement is known as your 'staging date'.
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There's a wide range of workers who'll need to be considered. The table below shows the rights of different groups of eligible jobholders. We've also provided some key points, and some questions and answers.
|From 16 to 21||From 22 to SPA*||From SPA* to 74|
|£503 and below||
Has a right to join a pension scheme
|Over £503 up to £833||Has a right to opt in||Has a right to opt in||Has a right to opt in|
|Over £833||Has a right to opt in||Automatically enrol||Has a right to opt in|
Figures correct as of 2018/2019. *SPA=State Pension Age. Use this calculator to check the State Pension Age.
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Figures above have been rounded up, and exact figures should be applied. Note the lower earnings limit for 2017/2018 is £5,876 and for 2018/2019 is £6,032.
Who needs to be enrolled?
1. Jobholders aged between 22 and the State Pension Age, earning more than £833 gross per month (£10,000 per year) must be automatically enrolled into a suitable workplace pension and the employer must contribute to it.
2. Jobholders earning more than £833 gross per month (£10,000 per year), aged between 16 and 21 or aged between State Pension Age and 74, can opt-in to the pension plan.
3. Jobholders aged between 16 - 74 with gross earnings between £503 gross per month (£6,032 per year) and £833 gross per month (£10,000 per year) have the choice to opt-in to the plan.
4. Jobholders aged between 16 - 74 with gross earnings of £503 per month (£6,032 per year) or less, have the right to join a pension plan.
5. Employers must issue a jobholder agreement to all scheme members.
6. Every three years, employers must re-enrol eligible jobholders who previously opted-out.
- Contributions are based on earnings which are at least equal to the qualifying earnings (currently between £6,032 and £46,350). Qualifying earnings are defined as salary, overtime, bonus, commission and statutory pay.
- See how a job holder's level of earnings 'trigger' their entitlement
- If members are paid annually, quarterly, fortnightly or weekly, the earnings thresholds are as follows:
Earnings threshold for the current tax year (2018/2019)
|2018/2019||Annual||1 week||2 weeks||4 weeks||1 month||1 quarter||6 monthly|
The figures above are for the 2018/2019 tax year. The Government may change these in future years.
*The above figures are approximated. Exact figures should be confirmed with The Pensions Regulator.
A jobholder, or worker, includes individuals who:
- Work under a contract of employment (an employee) in the UK.
- Have a contract to perform work or services personally and are not undertaking the work as part of their business.
- Full time employees
- Part time employees
- Temporary workers
- Agency workers
- Self-employed contractors
- Non-executive directors
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By April 2019, there needs to be a minimum contribution of 8% of qualifying earnings being paid into a qualifying pension plan for all eligible jobholders. Of which the employer must pay a minimum of 3%. If the employer chooses to pay the minimum 3%, the jobholder will pay the difference, topped up by tax relief from the Government.
Contribution levels, based on qualifying earnings, are 'phased' between October 2012 and April 2019 as shown in the table below:
|Time||Employer minimum contribution||Total minimum contribution|
|Employer's staging date to 5 April 2018||1%||2%|
|6 April 2018 to 5 April 2019||2%||5%|
|6 April 2019 onwards||3%||8%|
Employers can pay more than the minimum outlined here and there is flexibility to pay contributions differently.
- It can be difficult to calculate earnings levels and contributions accurately, especially if earnings are variable. To deal with this it's possible for an employer to 'self-certify' their plan using one of three alternative arrangement bases. These alternative arrangement contributions are also phased in through to April 2019.
- If the employer wants to use an existing plan for qualifying purposes or for automatic enrolment, the basis of the contribution may influence the employer's decision concerning the basis of qualifying earnings.
Find out more about Self Certification.
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With a Prudential plan, you can pay contributions either as a fixed or variable amount.
If you make the payment on a variable basis, this would need to be done using a regular inter-bank transfer. Any variable payment would need to be accompanied by a detailed statement to show the contributions to be allocated to each employee's account. Without this statement we can't allocate any of the contributions received.
If payment is a fixed amount, this could be collected through a direct debit against a company bank account. If payment is made by fixed amount the pensionable pay basis would need to be basic pay (Alternative tier 1) as this doesn't vary each pay period.
A detailed statement showing the contributions to be allocated to each employees account would be required whenever there is any change to the amount paid. You'll need to tell us in the event of the change in pay, or contribution rates, or if any employees start or leave the plan. Without an updated statement, we would allocate contributions in accordance with the last statement received by Prudential. This may result in contributions being incorrectly allocated, which would require corrections.
Please note, it is the employer's responsibility to ensure that the amount paid/collected accurately reflects the amount required based on the employees earnings, and is at least equal to the minimum contributions required for each member in each pay period.